Anti-Federalists also expressed fears—here touches of class conflict certainly arose—that the new government would fall into the hands of merchants and men of money. History. As was common in the New England Colonies, the Massachusetts Colony was dominated by Puritans and there was no tolerance for other religions. Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord. The Massachusetts Colony was founded in 1630, and existed until 1776 when it joined in the fight for independence against Great Britain. Plymouth Colony The colony of Massachusetts was founded in 1620, when the Pilgrims arrived from England and formed the Plymouth Colony. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Massachusetts-Bay-Colony, Spartacus Educational - Massachusetts Bay Colony, United States History - Massachusetts Bay Colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Massachusetts Bay Colony - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Then the settlement was transformed into Province of Massachusetts Bay. The first baseball World Series was held in Boston in 1903. of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony. Thomas Dudley. A new charter was issued in 1691 that joined the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, and the Maine Colony as the Province of Massachusetts Bay and placed it under a royal governor. Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in Holyoke, Massachusetts. United States presidents that were born in Massachusetts include John Adams, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, and George Herbert Walker Bush. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony 1: the present-day settlement The Puritans were a group of Protestant Christians with strict religious beliefs. Massachusetts is the 44th largest (7th smallest) U.S. State with only 10,555 square miles. The charter of 1691 merged the Plymouth colony and Maine into the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The colonists made their living through farming, fishing, and trade. The General Court was made into a bicameral assembly in 1644. American history and world history can be found at historycental- History's home on the web. Native Americans split control of the region before the arrival of Europeans. Check facts about Colonial … Great … The 1620s were a time of political and religious turmoil in England. The Puritan penchant for simpler dress had begun before their departure for America. Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place") Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. The 13 original colonies were divided into three areas including the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The Indians and the Pilgrims went on to celebrate the first Thanksgiving in the New World together. Harvard was the first college established in North America. The Puritans, another religious group seeking freedom from the crown, founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 on what is now Boston. The center for the protests against the act took place in Boston, Massachusetts. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Massachusetts Colony The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628-1691 CE) was the largest English settlement in New England and the most influential both in the colonization of the region and later developments in what would become the United States of America. By a shrewd and legally questionable move, however, the patentees decided to transfer the management and the charter itself to Massachusetts. By moving the Massachusetts Bay Company’s General Court from England to America, the Puritans converted it from an instrument of the company to a legislative and administrative assembly free from royal oversight. The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. By the mid-1640s its population numbered about 3,000 people. The Massachusetts Colony was an English Colony until it joined in the rebellion against Great Britain in 1776 (once the rebellion was over it became the state of Massachusetts). Move, however, the Middle colonies, the Middle colonies, the... 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