Tirunelveli is famous for a sweet called, 'halwa'. Many private, multinational wind companies are located on the outskirts of the city. Tirunelveli also acknowledged as Tinnevelly is one of the largest cities in Tamil Nadu which is a commercial hub known for agrarian economy. 5309. Tirunelveli has a number of historical monuments, the Swami Nellaiappar Temple being the most prominent. The Tamirabarani River divides the city into the Tirunelveli quarter and the Palayamkottai area. Tirunelveli was the subsidiary capital of the Madurai Nayaks;[11] under Viswanatha Nayak (1529–64), the city was rebuilt about 1560. 2. The VOC grounds (in central Palayamkottai) and the Anna Stadium (on St. Thomas Road) are popular venues in the city, and some events are held at scholastic sports facilities. The town is located roughly 400 kilometers away from Chennai. [93] The city has a District Science Centre (a satellite unit of Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum, Bangalore) with permanent exhibitions, science shows, interactive self-guided tours, a mini-planetarium and sky observation. The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) operates a regional unit, the Equatorial Geophysical Research Laboratory, conducting research in geomagnetism and atmospheric and space sciences. The failure of Mahfuz Khan led the East India Company to send Muhammed Yusuf for help. Tirunelveli district is one of the 38 districts of Tamil Nadu state in India.It is the largest district in terms of area with Tirunelveli as its headquarters. [74] The temple has several festivals, the foremost an annual festival when the temple chariot is brought around the streets near the temple. [107], This article is about the municipal corporation in Tamil Nadu, India. However, the state government put the project on hold after increasing protests against it.[41]. In addition to telecommunications, BSNL also provides broadband internet service. [32] The chief exports during British rule were cotton, jaggery, chillies, tobacco, palmyra fibre, salt, dried saltwater fish and cattle. It lies along the Tambraparni River slightly upstream from the town of Palayankottai, with which it is now merged administratively. Maximum precipitation occurs during the northeast monsoon (October–December). It lies along the Tambraparni River slightly upstream from the town of Palayankottai, with which it is now merged administratively. Tirunelveli had a literacy rate of 91 percent, with male literacy 95 percent and female literacy 87 percent. The Maravars occupied the western foothills and the Telugas, and the Kannadigas settled in the black-soil-rich eastern portion. [80] As in India generally, the most popular sport is cricket. Tirunelveli has beedi and cement factories, tobacco companies, workshops for steel-based products and mills for cotton textiles, spinning and weaving; there are also small-scale industries, such as tanneries and brick kilns. It is among the 40 cities in India with FM radio stations. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. [82] the District Science Center - Tirunelveli is in the centre of the city. It is an ancient and reputed Vishnu temple. Talakaveri. what was the river name​, Explain the effect of defect on usability of road​, कुल पंजीकृत तथा कुल राजस्व की दृष्टि से विश्व का अकेले सबसे बड़ा तृतीय कला क्रियाकलाप क्या बन गया​, XI. [77] Tirunelveli halwa was popularised by Irutukadai Halwa, a shop opened in 1900 which sells the sweets only during twilight. [25] A total of 46,624 were under the age of six, constituting 23,894 males and 22,730 females. It was called the Tamraparni River in the pre-classical period, a name it lent to the island of Sri Lanka. [3] Swami Nellaiappar temple inscriptions say that Shiva (as Vrihivriteswara) descended in the form of a hedge and roof to save the paddy crop of a devotee. what was the river name Get the answers you need, now! The clinics operated by the corporation provide primary health care to the urban poor through family-welfare and immunisation programs. Kodaimelaalagain Dam Kannadian Dam . Nandi Hills. [20] The major lakes in the city are Nainar Lake and Udayarpetti Lake. The nearest Seaport is Thoothukudi Port. [35][47] The corporation has six departments: general administration and personnel, engineering, revenue, public health, city planning and information technology (IT). [12] Tirunelveli remained under the control of the Cholas until the early 13th century, when the second Pandyan empire was established with Madurai as its capital.[13]. [33], Occupations in Tirunelveli include service-sector activities such as administration, agricultural trading, tourism, banking, agro-machinery, cement manufacturing, information technology and educational services. The average annual rainfall is 680 millimetres (27 in). The history of Tirunelveli was researched by Robert Caldwell (1814–91), a Christian missionary who visited the area. [15] The polygars built forts in the hills, had 30,000 troops and waged war among themselves. Share this with your friends. In 1755, the British government sent a mission under Major Heron and Mahfuz Khan which restored some order and bestowed the city to Mahfuz Khan. [97], Electric service to Tirunelveli is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirunelveli District. Tirunelveli had four sub-district schools: two teaching Tamil and one each for Telugu and Persian. [38] Beedi production during the 1990s earned an annual revenue of ₹190 billion and a foreign exchange of ₹8 billion across the three districts of Tirunelveli, Tiruchirapalli and Vellore. The overall sex ratio in the city was 1023, and the child sex ratio was 957. [98] A chief distribution engineer is stationed at regional headquarters. Compare the technology used in:Subsistence farming with commercial farming.Subsistence farmingCommercial farming​, Select all the correct answers. Thamiraparani River - Thirunelveli - (Greater Thirunelveli) on the map. It is the sixth-largest municipal corporation in the state after Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy and Salem. The province came under the rule of Cholas under Rajendra Chola I in 1064 CE; however, it is unclear whether he conquered the region or obtained it voluntarily. Livestock of the city and district comprises cattle, buffalo, goats, sheep and other animals in smaller numbers. [4] The early Pandyas named the city Thenpandya Nadu or Thenpandya Seemai, the Cholas Mudikonda Cholamandalam and the Nayaks Tirunelveli Seemai; it was known as Tinnelvelly by the British, and Tirunelveli after independence. The city was known as Nellai Cheemai, with Cheemai meaning "a developed foreign town". The name Tirunelveli has been composed from the three Tamil words i.e. Other bus stands (for intracity services) are the Junction and Palay bus stands. [14], The climate of Tirunelveli is generally hot and humid. The old Tamil name of the river is Porunai. The temple was greatly expanded during the 16th-century Nayak period and has a number of architectural attractions, including musical pillars. At a distance of 1 km from Tirunelveli Railway Station, Sri Varadaraja Perumal Temple is an ancient and well known Vishnu temple lies on the banks of Thamirabarani River at Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu. The Swantantra Party and the CPI won once each, from 1967 to 1971 [58] and 1971–77 respectively. Maruti Celerio price starts at Rs 4.46 Lakh in Tirunelveli. 3. The river has also been historically known as '''Porunai'''. Thamirabarani River flows through Tirunelveli. The Nearest International Airports are Madurai International Airport and Thiruvananthapuram International Airport. Check 2021 Celerio on road price. Tirunelveli pronunciation , also known as Nellai and historically (during British rule ) as Tinnevelly, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Some of the other important rivers of Tirunelveli include Pachaiyar, Korayar, Chittar, Aintharuviar, Ramanathi, Jambunathi, Aluthakanniar, Gadananathi, Hanumanathi, Karuppanathi, Nambiyar, Karunaiyar, Vadamalaiyaru and so on. [29], The main bus stand (popularly known as the New Bus Stand), opened in 2003, is located in Veinthaankulam and there is regular bus service to and from the city. The nearest international airports are Madurai International Airport, 150 km (93 mi) away and Thiruvananthapuram International Airport (TRV), about 130 km (81 mi) away. [29], Tirunelveli Junction railway station is one of the oldest railway stations in India. [26], According to provisional data from the 2011 census the Tirunelveli urban agglomeration had a population of 498,984, with 246,710 males and 252,274 females. [94][95], Tirunelveli and the district have a high rate of child labour. Tirunelveli is located 700 km (430 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai, 58 km (36 mi) away from Thoothukudi and 73 km (45 mi) from Kanyakumari. It flows through Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts of the Tamil Nadu state of southern India into the Gulf of Mannar. After the death of Kulasekara Pandian (1268–1308), the region was occupied by Vijayangara rulers and Marava chieftains (palayakarars, or poligars) during the 16th century. The average literacy of the city was 81.49%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. Tirunelveli is an ancient city, and is more than 2,000 years old. Read More Introduction Tirunelveli District was formed in 1790 by the East India company, later came under the direct control of the British Crown Queen Victoria. The Polygar War, involving Palaiyakkarars led by Veerapandiya Kattabomman and forces of the British East India Company, was waged on the city's outskirts from 1797 to 1801. [54], Law and Order of the city is maintained by the Tirunelveli City division of the Tamil Nadu Police, headed by a commissioner. [31] During the 1840s, cotton produced in the region was in demand for British mills. Most wind-power-generation units in Tamil Nadu are located in Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari Districts. Tirunelveli (Tamil: திருநெல்வேலி) is a Municipal Corporation, sixth largest city in Tamil Nadu and the district headquarter of Tirunelveli district. Tirunelveli Thoothukudi Punnakayal. [53] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is Gnanadhiraviyam of the DMK. [36] Industries involving rice-making, blue-jelly metal manufacturing and jem power generating are located on the outskirts of the city. Its name is derived from the Tamil words tiru (“holy”), nel (“paddy”), and veli (“fence”), referring to a legend that the god Shiva protected a devotee’s rice crop there.…. The temple of Nellaiappar and Kanthimathi is situated in the centre of Tirunelveli. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirunelveli District. Agastya Mala. After independence both cities reverted to their original names, and Tirunelveli remained the capital of Tirunelveli district. It is the sixth-largest municipal corporation in the state after Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy and Salem. The Carnatic region came under British rule thereafter.[16][17][18]. The district has diverse geographical and physical features like lofty mountains, low plains, rivers and cascades, sea coast and thick inland and mountain forest, sandy soil and fertile alluvium, a variety of flora, fauna and protected wild life. From 1550 until the early modern era, migration to the city from other parts of the state was common and the urban regions became hubs of manufacturing and commerce. In 1986, Tirunelveli district was further split into two districts for administrative purpose such as Chidambaranar (present-day Thoothukudi district ) and Nellai-Kattabomman (later Tirunelveli-Kattabomman, present-day Tirunelveli districts). Thamirabarani river. It originated during the mid-1800s at Lakshmi Vilas Stores, which still exist. Which two fears did US leaders have about Spain's transfer of territory to France? The city covers an area of 189.9 km2 (73.3 sq mi), and had a population of 473,637 in 2011 excluding some Municipal corporation region then.The total population after expansion is 968,984. Tirunelveli has its fair share of temples, dating back to ancient times. There were a total of 182,471 workers, comprising 2,088 cultivators, 5,515 main agricultural labourers, 18,914 in house hold industries, 142,435 other workers, 13,519 marginal workers, 166 marginal cultivators, 913 marginal agricultural labourers, 1,828 marginal workers in household industries and 10,612 other marginal workers. Sri Varadharaja Perumal Kovil is situated in Tirunelveli Junction, on the banks of the perennial river Thamirabarani (தாமிரபரணி). The famous Nellaiappar Temple in particular is a kaleidoscopic feast, an explosion of colour and detail that’s supported by musical pillars. The downtown is located on the west bank of the Thamirabarani River; its twin Palayamkottai is on the east bank. [5] In 1991, the Tirunelveli region ranked second in the number of women workers. Pineapples were introduced during the 16th century, chilly and tobacco during the late 16th and potatoes during the early 17th centuries. [40] In June 2007 the Tata Group signed a memorandum of understanding with the state government to open a titanium dioxide plant, with an estimated value of ₹25 billion, in Tirunelveli District and Thoothukudi District. The river (with its tributaries, such as the Chittar) is the major source of irrigation, and is fed by the northeast and southwest monsoons. [14] It became a City Municipal Corporation in 1994, bringing the Palayamkottai and Melapalayam municipalities, the Thatchanallur town panchayat and eleven other village panchayats within the city limits. [68], Tirunelveli has an extensive transport network and is well-connected to other major cities by road, rail and air. [35] Food-processing industries have developed since the late 1990s; at the district level, it is the foremost industria l segment. The buildings and monuments in Tirunelveli are astonishing. [5][6] The word Tirunelveli is derived from three Tamil words: thiru, nel and veli, meaning "sacred paddy hedge". In Tamil and Sanskrit literature of earlier times, the Pandyas were referred to as the rulers of the land where the Tamaraparani flowed. [52] The current MLA is Nainar Nagendran, ex-minister and a leader of AIADMK. The average temperature during summer (March to June) ranges from 25 °C (77 °F) to 41 °C (106 °F), and 18 °C (64 °F) to 29 °C (84 °F) during the rest of the year. [85] The first boarding school for girls was opened in 1821, but its efforts were hampered by the emphasis on Christian education. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. -They feared that the United States would lose access to the Mississippi River and New Orleans. [11] The Pandya dynasty in the region dates to several centuries before the Christian era from inscriptions by Ashoka (304–232 BCE) and mention in the Mahavamsa, the Brihat-Samhita and the writings of Megasthenes (350–290 CE). Tamil Nadu Ltd., Computer reservation centres", "Equatorial Geophysical Research Laboratory, Tirunelveli (T.N)", "List of cities where BSNL broadband service is available (As on 01.01.2007)", "List of cities where Calling Line Identification (CLI) Based Internet Service is available", "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration", "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Tirunelveli", "Visvesvaraya Industrial & Technological Museum Bangalore India: Satellite Units", "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha", "Economic and political weekly, Volume 30", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tirunelveli&oldid=1000780530, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tirunelvelian, Tirunelveli Karan, Nellaian, and Nellaikaran, TN-72(City Area), TN-72A(Valliyur Region), TN-76A(Ambasamudram Region), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 17:57. [39], Tirunelveli is a major area for wind-power generation. The art of sweet-making spread to other parts of Tamil Nadu, such as Nagercoil, Srivilliputhur and Thoothukudi. Since the economy of the district is primarily based on agriculture, flooding of the Tamarabarani River or a fluctuation in monsoon rain has an immediate impact on the local economy. Get Tirunelveli River Map, showing all rivers flowing in district from start to end location also see the places situated at bank of rivers. Near the city are regional tourist attractions such as the Manimuthar and Papanasam Dams, the Ariakulam and Koonthakulam Bird Sanctuaries, Manjolai and Upper Kodaiyar. The district was formed on 1 September 1790 by the British East India Company (on behalf of the British government), and comprised the present Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi, Tenkasi and parts of Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram district. [54] Since 1957, the Tirunelveli parliament seat was held by the Indian National Congress for four terms: 1957–1961,[55] 1962–67,[56] 2004–09[57] and 2009–14. [50] Tirunelveli city is the district headquarters for the Tirunelveli district. The corporation has 55 wards, with an elected councillor for each ward. Its name is derived from the Tamil words tiru (“holy”), nel (“paddy”), and veli (“fence”), referring The city has 134.88 km (83.81 mi) of concrete roads, 375.51 km (233.33 mi) of BT roads, 94.291 km (58.590 mi) of water-bound macadam roads, 76.31 km (47.42 mi) of unpaved roads and 82.3 km (51.1 mi) of highways. In 1758, British troops under Colonel Fullarton reduced the polygar stronghold under Veerapandiya Kattabomman. [49] The legislative body is headed by an elected chairperson, assisted by a deputy. The city of Tirunelveli is the district headquarters. [29], Nellaiappar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva in the form of Nellaiappar. 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